What is it?
Organic agriculture is a production system that does not allow the use of synthetic chemicals (insecticides, fungicides, herbicides, etc.,) or any genetically modified organisms.
The legislation on organic agriculture stipulates the conditions a crop must fulfil to be certified as being of organic agriculture origin. In an organic holding, a series of principles and rules of production must be fulfilled with regards to the origin of the seeds, fertilization, control of weeds, plagues and disease etc.
Converting to organic agriculture
The transition period, during which organic agricultural techniques are introduced in the holding, is known as the conversion period. The conversion period begins following the request for the production unit to be included in the COPAE registers; from this moment on, the organic production legislation must be followed and the holding is subject to controls by COPAE.
The conversion periods have the following duration:
Yearly and arable crops: 2 years. Fields: 2 years. Perennial crops (fruit trees, etc): 3 years.
The conversion period can be reduced on the condition that there is sufficient evidence to show that the land has not been treated with products that are unauthorised by the organic agriculture legislation for a minimum period of three years.
For further information regarding legislation on organic agriculture production, download the Organic Agriculture Guide. This guide will provide you with answers to what organic agriculture is, its advantages, how it is regulated, what conditions and steps are required to certify a production as an organic production, and how to apply.