What is this?
Organic agriculture, also called ecological or biological agriculture, is a production system based on particular methods and legislation thatdoesnot allow the use of synthetic chemicalsor genetically modified organisms. The purpose of organic production is to obtain healthy food products of the highest quality as expected by the consumer. In organic agriculture and livestock, the fertility of the land is maintained and increased without the use of pesticides or chemical fertilisers, which helps protect the environment. It respects the welfare of the animals, as it does not force their natural cycles and encourages genetic diversity by selecting varied and local indigenous breeds and crops.
Genetically modified organisms are prohibited (known as GMOs or transgenic organisms) so as to avoid losing genetic diversity and other negative effects on health and the environment. Far from being a return to the past, this agricultural production system is forward-thinking and bases its methods on current technical expertise on food production and processing, while taking into account traditional methods.
The term “organic agriculture” is used not only to refer to organic agriculture itself, but also to other productions such as organic livestock and organic apiculture. A recent inclusion has been the rules governing organic aquaculture. Organic production legislation also applies to food processing that uses products of organic production origin , their importation and their commercialisation
Who controls organic production?
For a food to be considered organic, it must have been produced in compliance with strict rules that govern organic production and be certified by an authorising control and certification body. COPAE performs controls on various registered operators for the production, processing and commercialisation of organic products. COPAE inspectors periodically carry out thorough controls by means of inspections and audits of registered operators.
The controls include samplestaken of all the different products, which are sent to accredited laboratories to ensurethat there is a total absence of residues of prohibited substances such as pesticides, genetically modified organisms, antibiotics, unauthorised additives, etc. All operators that are registered with COPAE are obliged to comply with the organic production legislation and maintain a series of registers and controls that will allow COPAE to check their compliance with the legislation in force.